The North Atlantic D+3 (12 July, 1987) Part II

The scene at the GIUK gap on D+3 is best described as one of confused chaos. Efforts against Russian attack subs heading into the Atlantic continued. The high kill claims by P-3 and Nimrod crews and surface ship commanders, had collided  with conflicting reports of enemy submarines approaching the Atlantic sea lanes to create a …

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The Northern Flank D+3 (12 July, 1987) Part III

  Allied Forces Northern Norway (NON) was reeling from the introduction of Soviet ground forces into its area of responsibility on D+3. Even before the first Soviet motor rifle troops crossed the frontier, NON’s plans for the defense of its region were severely disrupted. Soviet air superiority, coupled with the seizure of the air station …

The Northern Flank D+3 (12 July, 1987) Part II

Soviet ambassador to Finland Vladimir Sobolev had hoped to conduct the meeting with Finnish President Mauno Koivisto earlier in the morning. The Finns had been insistent on 10 AM, however. Reluctantly, Sobolev conceded the matter with Moscow’s blessing. He arrived at the Presidential Palace and was escorted to Koivisto’s office, still uncertain what the end …

The Northern Flank: 11 July, 1987 Part I

The Northern Region theater of operations was the single strategic area where the Soviets were enjoying significant success thus far in the war. While Soviet forces and commanders on other fronts grappled with unforeseen challenges and obstacles to overcome, the Northwestern TVD had been largely spared. Air superiority was now firmly established over the northern …