The View From The Flanks: AFNORTH, D-4 (5 July, 1987) **

  The Commander-in-Chief Allied Forces Northern Europe (CINC-NORTH) in July, 1987 was British General Sir Geoffrey Howlett. He'd been monitoring the deterioration of the international situation with great trepidation. Like every other general officer in Europe and North America at the time, his focus was on his command, the role it would play in a conflict, …

Opening Moves **

Hostilities between NATO and the Warsaw Pact began at 0103 hours Central European Summer Time (Zulu +2) on 9 July, 1987. For a war that would spread around the world in a matter of days and involve millions, the opening clashes between the combatants were largely limited affairs. The first shots rang out in West …