Historical Rhymes: 1987 Vs. 2022

Mark Twain once remarked that “History Doesn't Repeat Itself, but It Often Rhymes.” I first encountered this quote back when I was in high school around 1994. As a know-it-all teenager at the time, I scoffed at Twain’s words. Yet as I grew older and experienced more of what life had to offer, it became …

Baltic Approaches D+17 (26 July, 1987) Part III

Danish reinforcements started arriving in southern Zealand on the morning of D+17. With the situation at sea decided for the most part, and the threat of further Warsaw Pact amphibious landings now nonexistent, LANDZEALAND saw fit to release a pair of battlegroups from its reserve. Simultaneously, and in coordination with Flag Officer Denmark, units of …

Baltic Approaches D+15 (24 July, 1987) Part III

The journey of the surviving vessels of the Soviet amphibious group ended up taking nearly eighteen hours. Course revisions, increasing harassment by Swedish forces and the incomplete picture on the situation in Poland each contributed to the lengthier-than-expected transit. The original plan had been for the group to skirt the East German and Polish coastlines, …

Baltic Approaches D+14 (23 July, 1987) Part I

0000-0400 The naval battles in the Baltic Sea on D+13 had proved to be decisive and pyrrhic for both sides. NAVBALTAP’s (Allied Naval Forces Baltic Approaches) surface and submarine forces sustained heavy losses, which were not entirely unexpected. Yet the fast attack craft squadrons, and diesel submarines of the Danish and West German navies largely …